ZIAF represents around 100 academics from nine departments are involved in the ZIAF, with a broad disciplinary spectrum. At present, the members of the ZIAF are organised in four main research areas:
I. Transregional Studies
This research deals with the interactions between Africa, Europe and Asia, with the aim of systematically exploring, conceptualising and theoretically locating transregional "in-between spaces".
II Cultural History and Ecological Change
The focus is on settlement history, economy and the formation of political structures, as well as prehistoric art in its social, cultural and ecological context.
III. Language, discourse, communication
This area is devoted to linguistic analysis and the sociology of language on questions of language and cultural change.
IV. Sustainable resource management
Bio- and geoscientific research on sustainability deals with plant resources, the degradation of landscape ecosystems, and the environmental impacts of mining and infrastructure projects.